The Analytical Writing Assessment on the GMAT requires the candidate to write an essay that analyses an argument. This 30-minute writing task evaluates the ability of the test-taker to think critically after reading a brief argument, analyze the reasoning behind it, and then write a critique against it. But one must always remember not to jot down personal opinions on the AWA section. Not only this section on the GMAT can be challenging to most of the students as it requires them to understand the author’s assumption which helped formulate the argument but also find out which assumptions are flawed, what explanations can possibly weaken the conclusion, or what evidences can support or refute the argument. A top scored essay must have the following attributes:
- Quality ideas
- Organization, development, and expression of those ideas
- Relevant reasons and examples to support those ideas
- Present the essay content using standard written English
GMAT AWA preparation focuses initially on formulating a template which in turn helps the student to organise the contents of the essay. Ideally, a well-written essay must contain 5 paragraphs detailing the response to the argument. This article will dwell in to the detailed aspect of the different paragraphs the student must write in order to show light on the assumptions which are flawed thereby weakening the conclusion of the argument.
- Introduction: The first impression of the essay is craft an introductory paragraph effectively introducing the line of argument, a thesis, and how the author’s assumptions weaken the argument.
- Body Paragraphs: The core of an ideal GMAT AWA essay is its body paragraphs. A well-crafted core puts the limelight on the assumptions the author relies on jotting down the argument and how effectively the test-taker is able to prove the assumptions wrong, thereby weakening the argument. Remember this, any information used to flaw the assumptions must be corroborated with relevant examples. This section also requires the students to add details which could have strengthened and improved the essence of the argument. In simple words, GMAT expects the students to think smarter than the author and how the flaws can be fixed to further strengthen the argument.
- Conclusion: Lastly, just like any beginning there has to be an end, the GMAT AWA must conclude with a paragraph stating that the argument is flawed for the reasons mentioned in the preceding part of the essay. It is usually the abstract of what the entire essay is based on and is usually only 2-3 sentences long.
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*Sourced from: https://www.manhattanprep.com/gmat/articles/ace-essays.cfm